Last updated: January 1, 2021

All users of Services, as defined in our Terms of Service, must comply with this Content Policy, which places restrictions on how you may use such Services. In these Guidelines, we explain how we interpret those restrictions (Sections 1, 2 and 3 below) and enforce them (Sections 4, 5 and 6 below).

We’re committed to enforcing our Terms of Service and Content Policy in a way that balances important individual rights like free expression and privacy with our responsibility to keep and the broader community safe from harmful materials. Help us do that by following our Guidelines and reporting content that might violate them.

1. Content

All content — videos, recordings, livestreams, text, images — that you submit to us or create using our Services must comply with our Content Policy, the contents of which are explained below.

1.1 Copyright

Before you submit any content, you must ensure that you have all necessary rights to do so. You must either own the content, have obtained appropriate licenses, or have some other clear legal basis to upload it. If your content contains any third-party works (like background music or stock footage), you must also have the right to include those works in your content. 

Uploading infringing materials may expose you to legal liability and could result in the termination of your account in accordance with our Copyright Policy. For more information on copyright issues, please read our Copyright Law FAQ

1.2 Creation Rule

All members of may only upload videos and content that they materially developed. 

Examples of material development include being the original author or photographer of the material, shooting significant footage, editing, serving as director of photography (DP). Be sure to include your role in the credits. Note that this rule is in addition to the requirement that you have the right to upload the video and content. If you don’t own the video or content, you should have written permission from the owner to upload it on

1.3 Content URL Links

If you did not materially develop the video or content you may provide a URL link to the location where the original author or creator upload their content. (e.g. Their YouTube or TikTok video URL link).  

1.4 Content Restrictions

We have reprinted all of the content restrictions listed in subsection 5.2 our Content Policy here, along with additional guidance. You may not upload content that:

  • Infringes any third party’s copyrights or other rights (e.g., trademark, privacy rights, etc.).

For more information on copyright issues, see our discussion in subsection 1.1. In addition, your work may not infringe any other third party rights. This may include trademark rights and privacy rights.

  • Is sexually explicit (e.g., pornography) or promotes a sexual service.

We do not allow pornography or other sexually explicit content. This includes content that (1) depicts sexual acts in an explicit manner; (2) contains sexualized nudity; or (3) is primarily intended to cause sexual stimulation, even if no sexual act or nudity is featured. We may allow videos and content that depict sexuality that serve a clear creative, artistic, aesthetic, or narrative purpose and non-sexual nudity. However, in these cases you must rate the content properly. See Section 1.6 Content Ratings below for more information.

We do not allow content that advertises, promotes, or recruits for services of a sexual or erotic nature including:

    • Prostitution
    • Escort services
    • Erotic massages
    • Other erotic services (including live sex shows, fetish fulfillment, etc.)
    • Pornographic content 
    • Strip clubs or other erotic entertainment venues

We do not allow videos that advertise or promote a product or service using sexually explicit or extremely suggestive content.

  • Is defamatory.

We do not allow content that makes provable false statements of fact about a person, regardless of their private or public status, that would harm their reputation. If the complaining figure is a public one, we will generally require evidence that the false statement was maliciously made to take down the content. 

  • Is harassing or abusive.

We do not allow content that seeks to threaten, intimidate, insult, shame or hurt an individual or group, regardless of their private or public status. Threats, doxing, revenge porn, trolling, cyber-bullying, and other forms of abuse will be removed.

We believe in the value of allowing for discussion of important issues of public relevance to happen and this often includes critical commentary. Therefore, we may allow critical commentary of public figures may be allowed as long as it does not constitute harassment or abuse. 

  • Contains hateful or discriminatory speech.

We do not allow hateful and discriminatory speech. We define this as any expression that (1) is directed to an individual or group of individuals based upon personal characteristics of that individual or group; (2) conveys a message of inferiority or contempt; and (3) would be considered extremely offensive to a reasonable person. Personal characteristics are core elements of identity that are shared by groups of people (and are generally not specific to any one person) and include:

    • Race, color, national origin, and ethnicity
    • Gender identity 
    • Sexual orientation
    • Religion
    • Disability
    • Age

Content will generally be considered categorical hate speech if it:

    • Advocates for or celebrates violence against an individual or group based upon personal characteristics
    • Advocates or celebrates genocide
    • Calls for segregation or exclusion
    • Denies that certain historical events occurred (e.g., Holocaust denial)
    • Insults a minority group using a slur or “dog-whistle” code
    • Equates people to animals, filth, vermin, sexual predators, or criminals based upon personal characteristics
    • Spreads racial superiority theories or views
    • Spreads conspiracy theories about specific groups who share personal characteristics
    • Portrays a symbol of hate for no valid purpose

In addition, we do not allow:

    • Content promoting Sexual Orientation Change Efforts: This is content that markets, sells, or constitutes counselling, therapy, or treatments intended to change a person’s sexual orientation from same-sex attraction to opposite-sex attraction.
    • We do not allow content that markets, sells, or constitutes classes or tutorials that seek to teach seduction techniques, commonly referred to as Pick-up Artist (PUA) content.
  • Promotes or supports terror or hate groups.

We do not allow content from hate or terror groups that aims to spread propaganda designed to radicalise and recruit people or aid and abet attacks. See Section 2. Restricted Users below for more information on how we define these terms.

  • Provides instructions on how to assemble explosive/incendiary devices or homemade/improvised firearms.
  • Exploits or endangers minors.

We do not allow content that was created through the exploitation of children or that is harmful to children. This includes:

    • Child sexual abuse material
    • Content that sexualizes minors
    • Content that appeals to minors but contains adult themes
    • Videos or content that invite minors to engage in harmful or dangerous activities, whether through express invitation or example

Content featuring child nudity is not permitted. We will remove this type of content, regardless of who posted it or with what intention, to reduce the chances of others using it for unintended or harmful purposes.

If we locate any content suspected of containing Child Sexual Abuse Material, we will immediately remove the account and report the incident to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.

If you intend to watch TubeTuner video’s with your kids or upload any content featuring them, please read our Parental Guidance for tips on how to keep them safe.

  • Depicts or encourages self-harm or suicide.

We do not allow content that depicts or encourages self-harm or suicide. This includes but is not limited to content that:

    • Promotes or glorifies suicide. 
    • Provides instructions on how to self-harm or die by suicide
    • Encourages eating disorders

We do allow content where users talk openly about depression, self-harm, suicide or other mental health issues, or about their own experiences with these issues, to educate the public, raise awareness and help others. 

  • Depicts (1) unlawful real-world acts of extreme violence, or (2) animal cruelty or extreme violence towards animals.

We do not allow content that:

    • Incites violence
    • Show people being murdered, tortured, or physically or sexually abused
    • Depict self-mutilation or encourage it
    • Show animals being tortured or killed
    • Display shocking, disgusting, or gruesome images

That said, understands that there can be content that engage with these subjects in a critical, thoughtful way, or bring light to a subject that might otherwise go unreported. Content that report on real-world situations, particularly in the aftermath of a violent event, sometimes may need to contain some graphic or violent scenes so long as they do not veer into the sensationalistic or exploitative. However, these videos must be marked with a “Mature” content rating (See Section 1.6 Content Ratings below for more information).

  • Promotes fraudulent or dubious money-making schemes, proposes an unlawful transaction, or uses deceptive marketing practices,

We do not allow content that promotes:

    • Illegal schemes (like Pyramid/Ponzi schemes)
    • Businesses that promise wealth with little or no effort
    • Unregistered securities offerings (absent a legal basis)
    • Illegal products or services 
    • Products or services (even if legal) using deceptive marketing practices 

In addition, users may not use’s messaging capabilities for unsolicited direct marketing purposes.

  • Conveys false or misleading claims about (1) vaccination safety, or (2) health-related information that has a serious potential to cause public harm.

We do not allow health-related content that might cause people to take dangerous or unproven treatments or refrain from taking indicated precautions or treatments that the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or World Health Organization (WHO) recommend. We also do not allow claims that an epidemic or pandemic (such as COVID-19) are conspiracies. 

We do not allow claims that vaccines are unsafe for a general population unless the CDC or WHO have substantiated the claim. This includes claims that vaccines:

    • Cause or contribute to childhood autism (including the claim that the MMR vaccine is linked to autism)
    • Infant immune systems cannot handle multiple vaccines
    • Natural immunity is better than vaccine-acquired immunity
    • Vaccines contain unsafe toxins
    • Vaccines can infect people with the infectious disease they are trying to prevent
    • Vaccines are not necessary to combat the spread of infectious diseases

In addition, we do not allow content that promotes an agent or treatment for use to vaccinate against a particular infectious disease if it has not been specifically approved for such purpose by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or another similar governmental body. 

  • Spreads false or misleading information about voting or elections.

We do not allow content that spreads false or misleading information on voting eligibility, voting registration, and voting methods in a manner that might cause a reasonable voter to fail to take an action that would allow that person to effectively vote.

Due to its proven capacity to stoke real-world violence, we do not allow content that spreads false or misleading claims about the results of any election within the U.S. In particular, content that claims that the 2020 presidential election was fraudulent or stolen or otherwise illegitimate will be removed.

  • Contains conspiracy-related content where the underlying conspiracy theory makes claims that (1) suggest that a real-world tragedy did not occur, or (2) violate other content restrictions.

We do not allow conspiracy theory-related content where the underlying conspiracy theory spreads, among other things, hate speech, large scale defamation, false or misleading vaccination or health-safety content. We have banned, for example, QAnon-related content on this basis. 

  • Violates any applicable law.

1.5 Screen Name, Profile Picture and Avatar

You may not use screen names, profile pictures or avatars that are offensive (e.g., names with explicit language), depict any nudity, display symbols associated with gangs, hate groups, or terror organizations, or violate the content restrictions in Section 1.3 above.

1.6 Considerations

In making decisions, we consider the entire context of the content to determine whether there may be a valid reason for including certain types of speech, such as newsworthiness, discussion of a religious text, criticism, or dramatic or narrative purposes (for fictional works). Such purposes may not be used, however, as mere devices to justify problematic speech (i.e., Restricted Content under our Content Policy as displayed in Section 1.3 above). We may also consider related content (like title, description, and tags) and information outside of TubeTuner, such as the user’s activities elsewhere, materials linked from TubeTuner, and the intended audience. 

1.7 Content Ratings

In some cases, you might submit content that complies with our terms, but may not be suitable for all audiences. If you submit a video that, for example, contains permissible nudity, sexuality or other adult themes, you must rate it as “Mature.” Please read our Content Rating guidance for more information.

1.8 Captioning

If you submit content that is also distributed on television, you must provide captioning. Similarly, if you are under any legal obligation to provide captioning, you must do so. Even if you are not required to do so, we strongly encourage you to provide them so that we can provide the best experience possible for people who may have difficulty viewing or listening. For, please read our Captions and Subtitles article for more information.

2. Restricted Users

Certain users may not use our services, regardless of their content. These are: gangs, hate groups, terror organizations, members of the foregoing, and persons who are subject to U.S. sanctions. In addition, if you are in a country that is subject to comprehensive U.S. sanctions, you may not purchase software services or hardware from us.

We define hate groups as organizations that have adopted, based upon its statements, leaders or activities, a hateful ideology. We define a hateful ideology as a set of beliefs that malign a group based upon personal characteristics. For U.S.-based groups, we consider the Southern Poverty Law Center’s designations of hate groups to be conclusive. For non-U.S. groups, we may consider governmental or non-governmental designations. The absence of a group from any list of designated hate groups will not be considered evidence that the group is not a hate group.

We define a terror group as a group that seeks to use criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public to achieve political or ideological goals. We deem the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation’s list of domestic terror groups and the U.S. Department of State’s list of foreign terror groups as conclusive, but not exhaustive. 

A gang means any organization that uses fear, intimidation, or violence to conduct or further illegal activities or goals. We may consult relevant national and foreign law enforcement lists to determine whether an entity constitutes a gang.

3. Conduct 

Our Code of Conduct, Section 5.3 of our Terms of Service, sets rules that bar users from (among other things) harassing other users, interfering with our technical measures, spamming, or engaging in inauthentic behavior. “Spamming” includes mass distribution of the same or similar content, content containing links intended to sell the user some dubious item, and the use of bots, scripts, or other automated tools for any purpose. “Inauthentic behavior” includes creating fake accounts, liking or commenting on your own content using another account, and purchasing likes or comments from third-parties

4. Reporting Suspected Violations

If you see conduct that violates our terms, you may report it by either flagging it (where provided) or contact us. For TubeTuner, please read our Reporting Abuse article for more information.

If you believe that someone has infringed your copyright, please submit a takedown notice using our Copyright Complaints Form. If you are a law enforcement agency seeking information pertaining to a criminal investigation, please consult our Law Enforcement Guidelines

5. Enforcement

5.1 Approach to Moderation 

We endeavor to review specific content that is flagged by our users, third parties, and certain software-based systems. We do not endeavor to review every piece of content uploaded to our systems. In addition, when we do review content, it is usually for a particular reason, and so we do not endeavor to review it for all possible terms violations. Nor do we “pre-clear” any content before submission. 

5.2 Suspensions, removals and terminations

Violations may result in suspension or removal of videos, content, account privileges, or your entire account. Account removal will occur in severe cases, such as where you have wilfully or repeatedly violated our terms or have uploaded extremely inappropriate content. If your account is permanently removed, you may not create a new account.

We endeavor to notify account holders of our enforcement decisions by emailing the registered email addresses on file. For this reason, it is important that you keep the email addresses up to date and regularly check your email.

We may, where appropriate, grant grace periods to comply with our requirements. The failure to address our concerns within the provided timeframe will be considered a violation itself absent good cause. 

5.3 Appeals

If you believe that we have made a mistake in moderating your account, you may submit a request to reconsider our decision.

If your appeal concerns a removal due to a copyright infringement claim, please follow the counter-notice procedures in our Copyright Complaint Form. For all other issues, please follow the procedures below.

To appeal, complete the Appeals Form. In the Form you should (1) identify the content that was removed (and the URL if you have it); (2) provide an explanation of why you believe our decision is in error. Note that arguments such as “I see other people uploading this content” are never considered good excuses. 

Where practicable, we will endeavor to provide a response within 30 days. If we ask for additional information, please provide it promptly. Your failure to do so may result in denial of your appeal. 

If we find good cause to reverse our initial decision, we will either restore the materials (if we still have them) or allow you to resubmit them. Do not re-upload materials pending an appeal. 

Appeals should be filed promptly. We reserve the right to summarily deny appeals that are made 30 days after the removal of content and 60 days after the removal of your account. We also reserve the right not to allow appeals in cases of extreme content, such as Child Sex Abuse. 

6. Legal Effect

These policies provide our definitive views on our restrictions, but are not meant to be exhaustive and shall not be construed to impose limitations or obligations on that do not appear in our Terms of Use. We may, from time to time, update our Guidelines to provide guidance on new situations that may arise.